Performance Ratio (PR) of a plant for a period of time is energy measured(kWh)/(Irradiance(kWh/m2) on the panel x Active area of PV module(m2) x PV module efficiency).
What is the performance ratio?
performance ratio (PR) is the ratio of measured output to expected output for a given reporting period based on the system name-plate rating.
How is solar plant PR calculated?
At first glance, the PR Factor is simple to calculate: PR = Yf / Yr. The comparison of PRs to one another with other PV plants is, however, not that simple. Various obstacles are described in the following: The calculation refers to nominal / reference energy yield Yr.
What is a good PV performance ratio?
In real life, a value of 100 % cannot be achieved, as unavoidable losses always arise with the operation of the PV plant (e.g. thermal loss due to heating of the PV modules). High-performance PV plants can however reach a performance ratio of up to 80 %.
What does PR mean in solar?
The performance ratio (PR) is defined in IEC 61724  and is a metric commonly used to measure solar photovoltaic (PV) plant performance for acceptance and operations testing.
What are the four financial performance ratios?
In general, financial ratios can be broken down into four main categories—1) profitability or return on investment; 2) liquidity; 3) leverage, and 4) operating or efficiency—with several specific ratio calculations prescribed within each.
What is performance ratio Pvsyst?
The Performance Ratio is the ratio of the energy effectively produced (used), with respect to the energy which would be produced if the system was continuously working at its nominal STC efficiency. The PR is defined in the norm IEC EN 61724. In usual Grid-connected systems, the available energy is E_Grid.
What is difference between PR and CUF?
The worldwide standard for measuring a solar plants performance is the Performance Ratio (P.R.). However, most project developers, investors and EPC contractors in India use the Capacity Utilization Factor (C.U.F.) as the standard of measuring the performance of a plant.
What is performance ratio PVSyst?
Based on the PVSyst simulation, the performance ratio of floating PV system is 76.39% and rooftop PV system is 82.69%. The performance ratio from mathematical calculations of the floating PV system is 80.24% and the rooftop PV system is 73.41%.
What is PR in Pvsyst?
The Performance Ratio is the ratio of the energy effectively produced (used), with respect to the energy which would be produced if the system was continuously working at its nominal STC efficiency. The PR is defined in the norm IEC EN 61724.
How is PV module rating calculated?
To determine the minimum OCPD rating, the maximum source circuit current, as calculated in 690.8(A)(1), must be multiplied by 125%: 10.9A x 1.25 = 13.6A. By applying 690.8(B)(1)(d), the minimum OCPD can be a 14A fuse. The module manufacturer also lists the maximum series fuse rating.
What are 4 types of ratios?
In general, there are four common types of measures used in ratio analysis: profitability, liquidity, solvency, and valuation. Common examples of ratios include the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio, net profit margin, and debt-to-equity (D/E).
What is PNom ratio?
PNom ratio. The PNom ratio is the ratio of the installed PV power (nominal at STC) with respect to the Pnom(ac) of the inverter. This is indeed a widely-used indicator when sizing the inverter. It is often determined for getting a negligible overload loss.
How does PVsyst calculate PR?
PR = E_Grid / (GlobInc * Pnom) NB: The PR includes all the array losses mentioned on the Loss diagram (Shadings, IAM, Soiling, PV conversion, mismatch, wiring resistance, etc) and the system losses (inverter efficiency and AC losses in grid-connected, or storage/battery/unused losses in stand-alone, etc).
What is meant by CUF?
Capacity Utilization Factor . (CUF) means the ratio of the actual output from a solar plant over the year (kWh) to the maximum possible output from it for a year (kWh) under ideal conditions.
What CUF means?
CUF. Catholics United for the Faith.
How do you calculate CUF?
Capacity Utilisation Factor(CUF) =Energy measured (kWh) / (365*24*installed capacity of the plant).
What is PV module rating?
Typical modules are rated between 250 to 400 watts, with higher watt modules being the preferred options. Higher watt modules not only usually have higher efficiency ratings but require less modules to achieve your ideal energy needs. Wattage is calculated by multiplying the total volts and amps of the solar module.
What is the maximum number of modules that can be connected in series?
The maximum number of modules in series can be as much as 11.