Question: What is Harlequin type ichthyosis?

Harlequin ichthyosis is a rare genetic skin disorder. The newborn infant is covered with plates of thick skin that crack and split apart. The thick plates can pull at and distort facial features and can restrict breathing and eating.

Do babies with harlequin survive?

In the past, babies diagnosed with harlequin ichthyosis, the most severe form, rarely survived the first few days of life. However, with recent advances in neonatal care and the advancement of medical care, harlequin infants do survive and lead fulfilling lives.

What are the signs and symptoms of harlequin ichthyosis?

What are the symptoms of Harlequin ichthyosis?eyelids turning inside out.eyes not closing.lips pulled tight, leaving the mouth open and making nursing difficult.ears fused to the head.small, swollen hands and mobility in arms and legs.nursing difficulties.breathing problems due to tight chest skin.

How does harlequin ichthyosis affect you?

The skin forms large, diamond-shaped plates that are separated by deep cracks (fissures). These skin abnormalities affect the shape of the eyelids, nose, mouth, and ears, and limit movement of the arms and legs. Restricted movement of the chest can lead to breathing difficulties and respiratory failure.

Why is my baby red in the face?

Some babies naturally have cheeks that are slightly redder than the rest of their face. The cheeks can also turn red when a baby cries or smiles, due to increased blood flow to the area.

How can you tell what complexion your baby will be?

Looking for a sign of how pigmented shell eventually be? Some parents swear that the ears will clue you in — check out the tops of your babys tiny ears, and youll notice that theyre darker than the rest of your newborns skin. Theres a good chance her skin will wind up being close to that color.

How can you tell what color your baby will be?

When a baby is first born, the skin is a dark red to purple color. As the baby starts to breathe air, the color changes to red. This redness normally starts to fade in the first day. A babys hands and feet may stay bluish in color for several days.

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