Floods are the most frequent type of natural disaster and occur when an overflow of water submerges land that is usually dry. Floods are often caused by heavy rainfall, rapid snowmelt or a storm surge from a tropical cyclone or tsunami in coastal areas.
What are the two types of natural hazards?
Natural hazards can be placed into two categories - tectonic hazards and climatic hazards.
How many types of floods are there?
Three common types of flood explained.
What are the causes of hazard?
The hazards are mainly caused by human environmental factors. The environmental hazard system is made up of five groups: global change, environmental pollution, desertification, vegetation degradation, and environmental diseases. The hazards are due to integrated natural and human factors.
What are the diseases caused by flood?
Floods can potentially increase the transmission of the following communicable diseases: Water-borne diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and hepatitis A and E. Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, and West Nile Fever.