First and foremost, a dependent is someone you support: You must have provided at least half of the persons total support for the year — food, shelter, clothing, etc. If your adult daughter, for example, lived with you but provided at least half of her own support, you probably cant claim her as a dependent.
How do you determine if a child is a dependent?
To claim your child as your dependent, your child must meet either the qualifying child test or the qualifying relative test: To meet the qualifying child test, your child must be younger than you and either younger than 19 years old or be a student younger than 24 years old as of the end of the calendar year.
What are the 6 requirements for claiming a child as a dependent?
A child must meet all 6 of these requirements in order to be considered your Qualifying Child: Relationship: The person must be your daughter, son, stepdaughter, stepson, foster child, sister, brother, half-sister, half-brother, stepsister, stepbrother, or a descendant of any of these such as a niece or nephew.
When can you not claim a child as a dependent?
You can claim dependent children until they turn 19, unless they go to college, in which case they can be claimed until they turn 24. If your child is 24 years or older, they can still be claimed as a qualifying relative if they meet the qualifying relative test or they are permanently and totally disabled.
Who constitutes as a dependent?
A dependent is a person who relies on someone else for financial support, and can include children or other relatives. Having a dependent entitles a taxpayer to claim a dependency exemption on their tax return, as long as the dependent meets the qualifying definition according to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
What is the difference between child tax credit and dependent?
Whats the difference between the child tax credit and a dependent exemption? An exemption will directly reduce your income. A credit will reduce your tax liability. A dependent exemption is the income you can exclude from taxable income for each of your dependents.
What is the difference between a qualifying child and a qualifying relative?
The main difference between a qualifying child and a qualifying relative is the following: there is no age test for a qualifying relative, so the qualifying relative can be any age. qualifying relatives include more relatives and even non-relatives that can be claimed as a dependent.
Can I claim my daughter as a dependent if she doesnt live with me?
Without the form, you cannot claim a child who did not live with you as a dependent because they are the qualifying child of someone else. To include Form 8332 with your return, you must print it and complete it. Mail your return along with Form 8332 to the IRS for processing.