Vascular cognitive impairment is a decline in thinking abilities caused by disease that damages the brains blood vessels. Vascular disease may cause cognitive impairment on its own, and can also contribute to impairments in thinking and behaviour in a person with another brain disease such as Alzheimers.
How does vascular affect the brain?
Vascular dementia is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain, which damages and eventually kills brain cells. This can happen as a result of: narrowing and blockage of the small blood vessels inside the brain. a single stroke, where the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly cut off.
Does vascular dementia cause cognitive impairment?
Symptoms. Vascular cognitive impairment symptoms usually appear gradually and get worse over time as more damage to blood vessels occurs. Symptoms can range from mild problems with forgetfulness, concentration and thinking, to more severe and widespread problems. The most serious form of VCI is called vascular dementia ...
What is vascular mild cognitive impairment?
Vascular mild cognitive impairment (vascular MCI) describes an abnormal condition which is caused by vascular diseases and in which the patient presents with cognitive deficits not severe enough to fit the criteria for dementia (i.e., basic functional autonomy is not lost).
Can vascular cause dementia?
Vascular brain changes often coexist with changes linked to other types of dementia, including Alzheimers disease and Lewy body dementia. Several studies have found that vascular changes and other brain abnormalities may interact in ways that increase the likelihood of dementia diagnosis.
Is vascular dementia a death sentence?
Unlike Alzheimers disease, which weakens the patient, causing them to succumb to bacterial infections like pneumonia, vascular dementia can be a direct cause of death due to the possibility of a fatal interruption in the brains blood supply.
What are the final stages of vascular dementia?
Signs of late-stage dementiaspeech limited to single words or phrases that may not make sense.having a limited understanding of what is being said to them.needing help with most everyday activities.eating less and having difficulties swallowing.bowel and bladder incontinence. •3 Sep 2021